Stone alignment north of Glasscombe Upper Plantation

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1013037
Date first listed:
14-Apr-1980
Date of most recent amendment:
08-Nov-1991

Map

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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
South Hams (District Authority)
Parish:
South Brent
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX 66802 61321

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone alignments provide rare evidence of ceremonial or ritual practices on the Moor during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. This alignment is particularly significant as it is associated with several well-preserved cairns and other stone alignments on either side of the West Glaze Brook.

Details

Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in single line or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They frequently lead to burial monuments such as small cairns, cists and barrows and are therefore thought to have had a ceremonial function. The 70 or so examples known on Dartmoor were probably constructed in the Late Neolithic period (around 2500 BC). This double stone alignment is sited on the east side of the East Glaze Brook and runs for c.130m north-east/south-west from a terminal cairn towards the stream bank, where it is crossed by a disused leat and by the Corringdon Leat, both of which have disturbed it. Over forty stones remain, thirty set upright and a further fifteen fallen. The stones are up to 0.7m in height; the rows are c.0.7m apart and the stones which remain in position suggest a spacing of c.1.5m. There is a terminal stone at the south-western end and the rows appear to align with the stone settings on the west side of the East Glaze Brook, less than 100m away. The terminal cairn at the northern end of the double alignment is a turf and heather- covered mound 15m in diameter and 0.4m in height. Elements of two concentric rings of stone which can be traced within the body of the mound probably acted as retaining kerbs.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
10570
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Robinson, R, Cosford, J, 'Proc Devon Arch Soc' in Dartmoor Multiple Stone Circles, , Vol. 44, (1986), 166-170
Other
Devon County SMR SX66SE-071,
Devon County SMR, SX66SE-148,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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