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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1101453



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ardeley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 22-Feb-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Sep-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 159521

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


TL 32 NW ARDELEY CROMER MILL LANE (south side) Cromer

2/1 Cromer Windmill (at road 22.2.67 junction NE of village) (formerly listed as Windmill under general)


The entry shall be amended to read:


555-0-2/1 Cromer Windmill 22.02.67



Cromer TL 32 NW ARDELEY CROMER MILL LANE (south side)

2/1 Cromer Windmill (at road junction NE of village) 22.2.67 (formerly listed as Windmill under general)


Post-mill. C18 (said to be c1720), ceased working c1923, body repaired c1937, restored with sails and fantail 1967-9. Timber frame with horizontal white weatherboarding carried up over ogee shaped cap. Supported above an octagonal red brick roundhouse with felted roof. Elaborately geared fantail, with openwork blades and with carriage fixed to broad ladder at rear. Cast iron windshaft for 4 patent sails (without shutters) now dismantled and stored next the mill. A 2-storeys rotating mill carried on a very large faceted central post supported by a large timber trestle protected by the round house. The body is carried on a massive crown-tree in the middle floor from which the rest of the timer frame is hung. 2 stones are now set in the upper floor in the breast of the mill, with cast iron gearing and separate centrifugal governors at high level in the lower floor. A hoist pulled up grain bags to the top of the mill through a trap door and wooden chutes took the ground floor to the lower floor. A steep ladder joins the two and small shuttered apartures light the interior. The brake-wheel and brake have been dismantled. The stones said to have been formerly arranged with one in tail and one in the breast but this gave trouble and altered to present arrangement and tailpole replaced by present automatic fantail. The mill stands on an artificial mound the site for the manorial windmill acquired c1222 (VCH (1912) 196). Of special interest as a conspicuous landmark and the county's only remaining post-mill. (Branch Johnson (1970) 52: Pevsner (1977) 73: D Smith Enqlish Windmills II London 1932: A C Smith Cromer Windmill Stevenage Mus. 1975).

Listing NGR: TL3045228642

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Branch Johnson, W , The Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire, (1970), 52
Doubleday, A, The Victoria History of the County of Hertford, (1912)
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire, (1977), 73
Smith, A C , Cromer Windmill, (1975)
Smith, D , English Windmills, (1932)

National Grid Reference: TL 30452 28642


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