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CORONATION STONE

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: CORONATION STONE

List entry Number: 1080066

Location

CORONATION STONE, HIGH STREET, KINGSTON UPON THAMES

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: Kingston upon Thames

District Type: London Borough

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 06-Oct-1983

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 203121

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Kingston upon Thames, historically in Surrey, was an important market town, port and river crossing from the early medieval period, while there is evidence of Saxon settlement and of activity dating from the prehistoric period and of Roman occupation. It is close to the important historic royal estates at Hampton Court, Bushy Park, Richmond and Richmond Park. The old core of the town, around All Saints Church (C14 and C15, on an earlier site) and Market Place, with its recognisably medieval street pattern, is ‘the best preserved of its type in outer London’ (Pevsner and Cherry, London: South, 1983 p. 307). Kingston thrived first as an agricultural and market town and on its historic industries of malting, brewing and tanning, salmon fishing and timber exporting, before expanding rapidly as a suburb after the arrival of the railway in the 1860s. In the later C19 it become a centre of local government, and in the early C20 became an important shopping and commercial centre. Its rich diversity of buildings and structures from all periods reflect the multi-facetted development of the town.

Details

The stone on which the West Saxon Kings are traditionally said to have been crowned during the C10. The stone is not mentioned by Leland or Camden, but is traditionally said to have been preserved in the chapel of St Mary which fell down in 1730. It was then placed outside the Town Hall (on the site of the present Market House in the Market Place) and used as a mounting block until 1850 when it was moved to its present position. The stone is set on granite base upon which are inscribed in lead letters the names of the Kings traditionally crowned upon it. Surrounded by railings and balustrade, probably mid 19th century: seven stone piers with conical scalloped hoods and cubic capitals joined by cast iron railings in the form of intersecting round headed arches, with cubic capitals below, resting upon circles. These details match those of the adjacent Clattern Bridge. Victoria County History,Surrey, Volume III p.487.

Listing NGR: TQ1786769069

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Cherry, B, Pevsner, N , The Buildings of England, London 2: South, (1983), 307
Malden, H E, The Victoria History of the County of Surrey: Volume III, (1911), 487

National Grid Reference: TQ 17867 69069

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2016. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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End of official listing