This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Berwick-upon-Tweed: Distribution and Significance of Urban Waterlogged Deposits

Front cover for Berwick-upon-Tweed: Distribution and Significance of Urban Waterlogged Deposits

Report for English Heritage Project No. 6509

By Karen Derham

Northumberland Conservation (Northumberland County Council) undertook a project funded by English Heritage to assess at the distribution and significance of urban waterlogged deposits in Berwick Upon Tweed as part of the English Heritage Action Plan based on The National Heritage Protection Plan. It is one of a number of similar key towns to be examined in a series of projects. The projects are to provide a better understanding of the location and significance of the waterlogged assets to support decision-makers working in the planning system.

Existing information from geotechnical and archaeological investigations has been gathered into a database in order to produce a GIS-based 3D deposit model of the below ground deposits in the town. This information has been used to identify the presence, nature and survival of waterlogged layers and organic remains in relation to medieval and post-medieval layers, underlying natural deposits and later development and disturbance. The results demonstrate that waterlogged deposits are largely confined to medieval rubbish pits cut into the underlying natural clay and to areas of lower ground next to the Tweed estuary.

The results of the project have provided a more detailed understanding of the development of the urban structure of Berwick and the factors that influence the waterlogging of deposits within the town. The deposit model will continue to develop as the results of future archaeological investigations are fed into the existing data.


Figure 1
1 Introduction
2 Research Aims and Objectives
3 Methodology
4 Quantification of the Results
5 Discussion
6 Recommendations
7 Conclusions
8 Bibliography
9 Gazetteer of investigations used in the project
Figures 2 to 15
Appendix 1: Planning Guidance Note
Appendix 2: Amendments to Development Management briefs for archaeological work in Berwick
Appendix 3: Berwick Building Study Group Cellar Survey
Appendix 4: Category Names

Additional Information

  • Publication Status: Completed

If you require an alternative accessible version of this document please contact: Northumberland Conservation Development Services, Local Services, Northumberland County Council, County Hall, MORPETH NE61 2EF. Tel: 01670 620305, Email:

Was this page helpful?

Related publications